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htable2.h
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/*
 * This file is part of the Sofia-SIP package
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2005 Nokia Corporation.
 *
 * Contact: Pekka Pessi <pekka.pessi@nokia.com>
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License
 * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of
 * the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
 * 02110-1301 USA
 *
 */

#ifndef HTABLE2_H
/** Defined when <sofia-sip/htable2.h> has been included. */
00027 #define HTABLE2_H

/**@file sofia-sip/htable2.h
 *
 * Hash tables templates, take 2.
 *
 * Note: this version stores the given element types as entries (instead of
 * always storing a pointer to element). It can be used without
 * <sofia-sip/su_alloc.h>.
 *
 * This file contain a hash table template for C. The hash tables are
 * resizeable, and they usually contain pointers to entries. The declaration
 * for template datatypes is instantiated with macro HTABLE2_DECLARE2(). The
 * prototypes for hashing functions are instantiated with macro
 * HTABLE2_PROTOS2(). The implementation is instantiated with macro
 * HTABLE2_BODIES2().
 *
 * The hash table template is most efficient when the hash value is
 * precalculated and stored in each entry.  The hash "function" given to the
 * HTABLE2_BODIES2() would then be something like macro
 * @code
 * #define ENTRY_HASH(e) ((e).e_hash_value)
 * @endcode
 *
 * When a entry with new identical key is added to the table, it can be
 * either @e inserted (before any other entry with same key value) or @e
 * appended.
 *
 * Example code can be found from <htable_test.c>.
 *
 * @author Pekka Pessi <Pekka.Pessi@nokia.com>.
 *
 * @date Created: Tue Sep 25 17:42:40 2001 ppessi
 */

typedef unsigned long hash_value_t;

/** Minimum size of hash table */
00065 #define HTABLE2_MIN_SIZE 31

/** Declare hash table structure type.
 *
 * The macro HTABLE2_DECLARE2() expands to a declaration for hash table
 * structure. The its typedef will be @a type, the field names start with @a
 * pr. The entry type is @a entrytype.
 *
 * @param type      hash table typedef
 * @param sname     name of struct
 * @param pr        hash table field prefix
 * @param entrytype entry type
 * @param sizetype  type of size variables
 *
 * @NEW_1_12_8
 */
00081 #define HTABLE2_DECLARE2(type, sname, pr, entrytype, sizetype)    \
typedef struct sname { \
  sizetype pr##size; \
  sizetype pr##used; \
  entrytype *pr##table; \
} type

#define HTABLE2_DECLARE(sname, prefix, pr, entrytype) \
  HTABLE2_DECLARE2(prefix##t, sname, pr, entrytype, unsigned)

#ifndef HTABLE2_SCOPE
/** Default scope for hash table functions. */
00093 #define HTABLE2_SCOPE su_inline
#endif

/** Prototypes for hash table
 *
 * The macro HTABLE2_PROTOS2() expands to the prototypes of hash table
 * functions.  The function and type names start with @a prefix, the field
 * names start with @a pr.  The entry type is @a entrytype.
 *
 * @param type      hash table typedef
 * @param prefix    function prefix
 * @param pr        hash table field prefix (not used)
 * @param entrytype entry type
 * @param sizetype  type of size variables
 *
 * @NEW_1_12_8
 */
00110 #define HTABLE2_PROTOS2(type, prefix, pr, entrytype, sizetype)        \
HTABLE2_SCOPE int prefix##_resize(void *a, type *, sizetype); \
HTABLE2_SCOPE int prefix##_is_full(type const *); \
HTABLE2_SCOPE entrytype *prefix##_hash(type const *, hash_value_t); \
HTABLE2_SCOPE entrytype *prefix##_next(type const *, entrytype *); \
HTABLE2_SCOPE entrytype *prefix##_append(type *, entrytype); \
HTABLE2_SCOPE entrytype *prefix##_insert(type *, entrytype); \
HTABLE2_SCOPE int prefix##_remove(type *, entrytype const)

#define HTABLE2_PROTOS(type, prefix, pr, entrytype) \
  HTABLE2_PROTOS2(type, prefix, pr, entrytype, unsigned)

/** Hash table implementation.
 *
 * The macro HTABLE2_BODIES2() expands the hash table functions.  The function
 * and type names start with @a prefix, the field names start with @a pr.
 * The entry type is @a entrytype.  The function (or macro) name returning
 * hash value of each entry is given as @a hfun.
 *
 * @param type      hash table type
 * @param prefix    function prefix for hash table
 * @param pr        field prefix for hash table
 * @param entrytype type of entry element
 * @param sizetype  size_t type
 * @param hfun      function or macro returning hash value of entry
 * @param is_used   function or macro returning true if entry is occupied
 * @param reclaim   function or macro zeroing entry
 * @param is_equal  equality test
 * @param halloc    function allocating or freeing memory
 *
 * @NEW_1_12_8
 */
00142 #define HTABLE2_BODIES2(type, prefix, pr, entrytype, sizetype,          \
                    hfun, is_used, reclaim, is_equal, halloc)     \
/** Reallocate new hash table */ \
HTABLE2_SCOPE \
int prefix##_resize(void *realloc_arg, \
                    type pr[1], \
                sizetype new_size) \
{ \
  entrytype *new_hash; \
  entrytype *old_hash = pr->pr##table; \
  sizetype old_size; \
  sizetype i, j, i0; \
  sizetype again = 0, used = 0, collisions = 0; \
\
  (void)realloc_arg; \
\
  if (new_size == 0) \
    new_size = 2 * pr->pr##size + 1; \
  if (new_size < HTABLE2_MIN_SIZE) \
    new_size = HTABLE2_MIN_SIZE; \
  if (new_size < 5 * pr->pr##used / 4) \
    new_size = 5 * pr->pr##used / 4; \
\
  if (!(new_hash = halloc(realloc_arg, NULL, sizeof(*new_hash) * new_size))) \
    return -1; \
\
  for (i = 0; i < new_size; i++) { \
    (reclaim(&new_hash[i])); \
  } \
  old_size = pr->pr##size; \
\
  do for (j = 0; j < old_size; j++) { \
    if (!is_used(old_hash[j])) \
      continue; \
\
    if (again < 2 && hfun(old_hash[j]) % old_size > j) { \
      /* Wrapped, leave entry for second pass */ \
      again = 1; continue; \
    } \
\
    i0 = hfun(old_hash[j]) % new_size; \
\
    for (i = i0; is_used(new_hash[i]); \
         i = (i + 1) % new_size, assert(i != i0)) \
      collisions++; \
\
    new_hash[i] = old_hash[j]; reclaim(&old_hash[j]); \
    used++; \
  } \
  while (again++ == 1); \
\
  pr->pr##table = new_hash, pr->pr##size = new_size; \
\
  if (old_hash) old_hash = halloc(realloc_arg, old_hash, 0);      \
\
  assert(pr->pr##used == used);\
\
  return 0; \
} \
\
HTABLE2_SCOPE \
int prefix##_is_full(type const *pr) \
{ \
  return pr->pr##table == NULL || 3 * pr->pr##used > 2 * pr->pr##size; \
} \
\
HTABLE2_SCOPE \
entrytype *prefix##_hash(type const *pr, hash_value_t hv) \
{ \
  return pr->pr##table + hv % pr->pr##size; \
} \
\
HTABLE2_SCOPE \
entrytype *prefix##_next(type const *pr, entrytype *ee) \
{ \
  if (++ee < pr->pr##table + pr->pr##size && ee >= pr->pr##table) \
    return ee; \
  else \
    return pr->pr##table; \
}  \
\
HTABLE2_SCOPE \
entrytype *prefix##_append(type *pr, entrytype e) \
{ \
  entrytype *ee; \
\
  assert(pr->pr##used < pr->pr##size); \
  if (pr->pr##used == pr->pr##size) \
    return (entrytype *)0; \
\
  pr->pr##used++; \
  for (ee = prefix##_hash(pr, hfun(e)); \
       is_used(*ee); \
       ee = prefix##_next(pr, ee)) \
   ; \
  *ee = e; \
\
  return ee; \
} \
\
HTABLE2_SCOPE \
entrytype *prefix##_insert(type *pr, entrytype e) \
{ \
  entrytype e0; \
  entrytype *ee; \
\
  assert(pr->pr##used < pr->pr##size); \
  if (pr->pr##used == pr->pr##size) \
    return (entrytype *)0; \
\
  pr->pr##used++; \
  /* Insert entry into hash table (before other entries with same hash) */ \
  for (ee = prefix##_hash(pr, hfun(e));  \
       is_used((*ee)); \
       ee = prefix##_next(pr, ee)) \
    *ee = e, e = e0; \
  *ee = e; \
\
  return ee; \
} \
\
HTABLE2_SCOPE \
int prefix##_remove(type *pr, entrytype const e) \
{ \
  sizetype i, j, k, size = pr->pr##size; \
  entrytype *htable = pr->pr##table; \
\
  /* Search for entry */ \
  for (i = hfun(e) % size; is_used(htable[i]); i = (i + 1) % size) \
    if (is_equal(e, htable[i])) \
      break; \
\
  if (!is_used(htable[i])) return -1; \
\
  /* Move table entries towards their primary place  */ \
  for (j = (i + 1) % size; is_used(htable[j]); j = (j + 1) % size) { \
    /* k is primary place for entry */ \
    k = hfun(htable[j]) % size; \
    if (k == j)               /* entry is in its primary place? */ \
      continue; \
    /* primary place is between i and j - do not move this to i */ \
    if (j > i ? (i < k && k < j) : (i < k || k < j)) \
      continue; \
\
    htable[i] = htable[j], i = j; \
  } \
\
  pr->pr##used--; \
\
  reclaim(&htable[i]); \
\
  return 0; \
} \
extern int const prefix##_dummy

#define HTABLE2_BODIES(type, prefix, pr, entrytype, \
                    hfun, is_used, reclaim, is_equal, halloc) \
  HTABLE2_BODIES2(type, prefix, pr, entrytype, unsigned, \
                    hfun, is_used, reclaim, is_equal, halloc)


#endif /** !defined(HTABLE2_H) */

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