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nua_subnotref.c

/*
 * This file is part of the Sofia-SIP package
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2006 Nokia Corporation.
 *
 * Contact: Pekka Pessi <pekka.pessi@nokia.com>
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License
 * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of
 * the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
 * 02110-1301 USA
 *
 */

/**@CFILE nua_subnotref.c
 * @brief Subscriber (event watcher)
 *
 * This file contains implementation SUBSCRIBE UAC, NOTIFY UAS, REFER UAC.
 * The implementation of SUBSCRIBE UAS, NOTIFY UAC and REFER UAS is in
 * nua_notifier.c.
 * Alternative implementation using nea is in nua_event_server.c.
 *
 * @author Pekka Pessi <Pekka.Pessi@nokia.com>
 *
 * @date Created: Wed Mar  8 15:10:08 EET 2006 ppessi
 */

#include "config.h"

#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <limits.h>

#include <assert.h>

#include <sofia-sip/string0.h>
#include <sofia-sip/sip_protos.h>
#include <sofia-sip/sip_status.h>
#include <sofia-sip/sip_util.h>
#include <sofia-sip/su_uniqueid.h>

#define NTA_LEG_MAGIC_T      struct nua_handle_s
#define NTA_OUTGOING_MAGIC_T struct nua_handle_s

#include "nua_stack.h"

/* ---------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* Subcriber event usage */

struct event_usage
{
  enum nua_substate  eu_substate;   /**< Subscription state */
  sip_time_t eu_expires;              /**< Proposed expiration time */
  unsigned eu_notified;               /**< Number of NOTIFYs received */
  unsigned eu_final_wait:1;           /**< Waiting for final NOTIFY */
  unsigned eu_no_id:1;                /**< Do not use "id" (even if we have one) */
};

static char const *nua_subscribe_usage_name(nua_dialog_usage_t const *du);
static int nua_subscribe_usage_add(nua_handle_t *nh, 
                           nua_dialog_state_t *ds,
                           nua_dialog_usage_t *du);
static void nua_subscribe_usage_remove(nua_handle_t *nh, 
                               nua_dialog_state_t *ds,
                               nua_dialog_usage_t *du);
static void nua_subscribe_usage_refresh(nua_handle_t *,
                              nua_dialog_state_t *,
                              nua_dialog_usage_t *,
                              sip_time_t);
static int nua_subscribe_usage_shutdown(nua_handle_t *,
                              nua_dialog_state_t *,
                              nua_dialog_usage_t *);

static nua_usage_class const nua_subscribe_usage[1] = {
  {
    sizeof (struct event_usage), (sizeof nua_subscribe_usage),
    nua_subscribe_usage_add,
    nua_subscribe_usage_remove,
    nua_subscribe_usage_name,
    NULL,
    nua_subscribe_usage_refresh,
    nua_subscribe_usage_shutdown
  }};

static char const *nua_subscribe_usage_name(nua_dialog_usage_t const *du)
{
  return "subscribe";
}

static 
int nua_subscribe_usage_add(nua_handle_t *nh, 
                     nua_dialog_state_t *ds,
                     nua_dialog_usage_t *du)
{
  ds->ds_has_events++;
  ds->ds_has_subscribes++;
  return 0;
}

static 
void nua_subscribe_usage_remove(nua_handle_t *nh, 
                         nua_dialog_state_t *ds,
                         nua_dialog_usage_t *du)
{
  ds->ds_has_events--;  
  ds->ds_has_subscribes--;    
}

/* ====================================================================== */
/* SUBSCRIBE */

/** Subscribe to a SIP event. 
 *
 * Subscribe a SIP event using the SIP SUBSCRIBE request. If the 
 * SUBSCRBE is successful a subscription state is established and 
 * the subscription is refreshed regularly. The refresh requests will
 * generate #nua_r_subscribe events.
 *
 * @param nh              Pointer to operation handle
 * @param tag, value, ... List of tagged parameters
 *
 * @return 
 *    nothing
 *
 * @par Related Tags:
 *    NUTAG_URL()
 *    Tags in <sip_tag.h>
 *
 * @par Events:
 *    #nua_r_subscribe \n
 *    #nua_i_notify
 *
 * @sa NUTAG_SUBSTATE(), @RFC3265
 */

/** Unsubscribe an event. 
 *
 * Unsubscribe an active or pending subscription with SUBSCRIBE request 
 * containing Expires: header with value 0. The dialog associated with 
 * subscription will be destroyed if there is no other subscriptions or 
 * call using this dialog.
 *
 * @param nh              Pointer to operation handle
 * @param tag, value, ... List of tagged parameters
 *
 * @return 
 *    nothing
 *
 * @par Related Tags:
 *    SIPTAG_EVENT() or SIPTAG_EVENT_STR() \n
 *    Tags in <sip_tag.h> except SIPTAG_EXPIRES() or SIPTAG_EXPIRES_STR()
 *
 * @par Events:
 *    #nua_r_unsubscribe 
 *
 * @sa NUTAG_SUBSTATE(), @RFC3265
 */

static int process_response_to_subscribe(nua_handle_t *nh,
                               nta_outgoing_t *orq,
                               sip_t const *sip);


int
nua_stack_subscribe(nua_t *nua, nua_handle_t *nh, nua_event_t e,
                tagi_t const *tags)
{
  nua_client_request_t *cr = nh->nh_ds->ds_cr;
  nua_dialog_usage_t *du = NULL;
  struct event_usage *eu;
  msg_t *msg;
  sip_t *sip;

  if (nua_stack_set_handle_special(nh, nh_has_subscribe, nua_r_subscribe) < 0)
    return UA_EVENT3(e, 500, "Invalid handle for SUBSCRIBE", 
                 NUTAG_SUBSTATE(nua_substate_terminated));
  else if (cr->cr_orq)
    return UA_EVENT2(e, 900, "Request already in progress");

  /* Initialize allow and auth */
  nua_stack_init_handle(nua, nh, TAG_NEXT(tags));

  msg = nua_creq_msg(nua, nh, cr, 0,
                 SIP_METHOD_SUBSCRIBE,
                 NUTAG_USE_DIALOG(1),
                 NUTAG_ADD_CONTACT(1),
                 TAG_NEXT(tags));
  sip = sip_object(msg);

  if (sip) {
    sip_event_t *o = sip->sip_event;

    du = nua_dialog_usage_get(nh->nh_ds, nua_subscribe_usage, o);

    if (du == NULL && o == NULL)
      du = nua_dialog_usage_get(nh->nh_ds, nua_subscribe_usage, NONE);

    eu = nua_dialog_usage_private(du);

    if (du && du->du_event && (o == NULL || (o->o_id && eu->eu_no_id))) {
      if (eu->eu_no_id)       /* No id (XXX - nor other parameters) */
      sip_add_make(msg, sip, sip_event_class, du->du_event->o_type);
      else
      sip_add_dup(msg, sip, (sip_header_t *)du->du_event);
    }

    if (e == nua_r_subscribe) {     
      if (du == NULL)         /* Create dialog usage */
      /* We allow here SUBSCRIBE without event */
      du = nua_dialog_usage_add(nh, nh->nh_ds, nua_subscribe_usage, o);
    }
    else if (du) { /* Unsubscribe */
      /* Embryonic subscription is just a placeholder */
      if (eu->eu_substate == nua_substate_terminated ||
        eu->eu_substate == nua_substate_embryonic) {
      nua_dialog_usage_remove(nh, nh->nh_ds, du);
      msg_destroy(msg);
      return UA_EVENT3(e, SIP_200_OK, 
                   NUTAG_SUBSTATE(nua_substate_terminated),
                   TAG_END());
      }
    }
  }

  /* Store message template with supported features (eventlist) */
  if (du && sip) {
    if (du->du_msg)
      msg_destroy(du->du_msg);
    du->du_msg = msg_ref_create(cr->cr_msg);
  }

  if (du)
    cr->cr_orq = nta_outgoing_mcreate(nua->nua_nta,
                              process_response_to_subscribe, nh, NULL,
                              msg,
                              TAG_IF(e != nua_r_subscribe,
                                   SIPTAG_EXPIRES_STR("0")),
                              SIPTAG_END(), TAG_NEXT(tags));

  eu = nua_dialog_usage_private(du);

  if (!cr->cr_orq) {
    int substate = nua_substate_terminated;

    if (du == NULL)
      ;
    else if (du->du_ready)
      substate = eu->eu_substate; /* No change in subscription state  */
    else
      nua_dialog_usage_remove(nh, nh->nh_ds, du);

    msg_destroy(msg);

    return UA_EVENT3(e, NUA_INTERNAL_ERROR, 
                 NUTAG_SUBSTATE(substate), TAG_END());
  }

  nua_dialog_usage_reset_refresh(du); /* during SUBSCRIBE transaction */
  du->du_terminating = e != nua_r_subscribe; /* Unsubscribe or destroy */

  if (du->du_terminating)
    eu->eu_expires = 0;
  else if (sip->sip_expires)
    eu->eu_expires = sip->sip_expires->ex_delta;
  else
    /* We just use common default value, but the default is actually
       package-specific according to the RFC 3265 section 4.4.4:
       [Event] packages MUST also define a
       default "Expires" value to be used if none is specified. */
    eu->eu_expires = 3600;

  eu->eu_final_wait = 0;
    
  if (sip->sip_expires && sip->sip_expires->ex_delta == 0)
    du->du_terminating = 1;

  if (eu->eu_substate == nua_substate_terminated)
    eu->eu_substate = nua_substate_embryonic;

  cr->cr_usage = du;
  return cr->cr_event = e;
}

static void restart_subscribe(nua_handle_t *nh, tagi_t *tags)
{
  nua_creq_restart(nh, nh->nh_ds->ds_cr, process_response_to_subscribe, tags);
}

/** @NUA_EVENT nua_r_subscribe
 *
 * Response to an outgoing SUBSCRIBE request.
 *
 * The SUBSCRIBE request may have been sent explicitly by nua_subscribe() or
 * implicitly by NUA state machine.
 *
 * @param status response status code
 *               (if the request is retried, @a status is 100, the @a
 *               sip->sip_status->st_status contain the real status code
 *               from the response message, e.g., 302, 401, or 407)
 * @param phrase a short textual description of @a status code
 * @param nh     operation handle associated with the subscription
 * @param hmagic application context associated with the handle
 * @param sip    response to SUBSCRIBE request or NULL upon an error
 *               (status code is in @a status and 
 *                descriptive message in @a phrase parameters)
 * @param tags   NUTAG_SUBSTATE()
 *
 * @sa nua_subscribe(), @RFC3265
 *
 * @END_NUA_EVENT
 */

/** @NUA_EVENT nua_r_unsubscribe
 *
 * Response to an outgoing un-SUBSCRIBE.
 *
 * @param status response status code
 *               (if the request is retried, @a status is 100, the @a
 *               sip->sip_status->st_status contain the real status code
 *               from the response message, e.g., 302, 401, or 407)
 * @param phrase a short textual description of @a status code
 * @param nh     operation handle associated with the subscription
 * @param hmagic application context associated with the handle
 * @param sip    response to SUBSCRIBE request or NULL upon an error
 *               (status code is in @a status and 
 *                descriptive message in @a phrase parameters)
 * @param tags   NUTAG_SUBSTATE()
 *
 * @sa nua_unsubscribe(), @RFC3265
 *
 * @END_NUA_EVENT
 */

static int process_response_to_subscribe(nua_handle_t *nh,
                               nta_outgoing_t *orq,
                               sip_t const *sip)
{
  nua_client_request_t *cr = nh->nh_ds->ds_cr;
  nua_dialog_usage_t *du = cr->cr_usage; 
  struct event_usage *eu = nua_dialog_usage_private(du);
  int status = sip ? sip->sip_status->st_status : 408;
  int gracefully = 0;
  int substate = nua_substate_embryonic;

  assert(du); assert(du->du_class == nua_subscribe_usage);

  if (status < 200)
    ;
  else if (du == NULL) {
    /* NOTIFY already removed du */
  }
  /* We have not received NOTIFY. */
  else if (status < 300) {
    int win_messenger_enable = NH_PGET(nh, win_messenger_enable);
    sip_time_t delta, now = sip_now();

    du->du_ready = 1;
    substate = eu->eu_substate;
    
    if (du->du_terminating)
      delta = 0;
    else
      /* If there is no expires header,
       use default value stored in eu_expires */
      delta = sip_contact_expires(NULL, sip->sip_expires, sip->sip_date, 
                          eu->eu_expires, now);

    if (win_messenger_enable && !nua_dialog_is_established(nh->nh_ds)) {
      /* Notify from messanger does not match with dialog tag */ 
      nh->nh_ds->ds_remote_tag = su_strdup(nh->nh_home, "");
    }

    nua_dialog_uac_route(nh, nh->nh_ds, sip, 1);
    nua_dialog_store_peer_info(nh, nh->nh_ds, sip);

    if (delta > 0) {
      nua_dialog_usage_set_refresh(du, delta);
    }
    else if (!eu->eu_notified) {
      /* This is a fetch: subscription was really terminated
       but we wait 32 seconds for NOTIFY. */
      delta = 64 * NTA_SIP_T1 / 1000;

      if (win_messenger_enable)
      delta = 4 * 60;   /* Wait 4 minutes for NOTIFY from Messenger */

      eu->eu_final_wait = 1;

      /* Do not remove usage in nua_stack_process_response  */
      cr->cr_usage = NULL;    

      nua_dialog_usage_refresh_range(du, delta, delta);
    }
    else {
      eu->eu_substate = substate = nua_substate_terminated;
    }
  }
  else /* if (status >= 300) */ {
    int terminated;

    if (nua_creq_check_restart(nh, cr, orq, sip, restart_subscribe))
      return 0;

    cr->cr_usage = NULL; /* We take care of removing/not removing usage */

    substate = eu->eu_substate;

    if (!sip || !sip->sip_retry_after)
      gracefully = 1;

    terminated = 
      sip_response_terminates_dialog(status, sip_method_subscribe, 
                             &gracefully);

    /* XXX - zap dialog if terminated < 0 ? */

    if (terminated || !du->du_ready || du->du_terminating) {
      substate = nua_substate_terminated;
      nua_dialog_usage_remove(nh, nh->nh_ds, du);
    }
    else if (gracefully && substate != nua_substate_terminated) 
      /* Post un-subscribe event */
      nua_stack_post_signal(nh, nua_r_unsubscribe, 
                      SIPTAG_EVENT(du->du_event), 
                      SIPTAG_EXPIRES_STR("0"),
                      TAG_END());
  }

  nua_stack_process_response(nh, cr, orq, sip, 
                       TAG_IF(substate >= 0, NUTAG_SUBSTATE(substate)),
                       TAG_END());
  return 0;
}

/** Refresh subscription */
static void nua_subscribe_usage_refresh(nua_handle_t *nh,
                              nua_dialog_state_t *ds,
                              nua_dialog_usage_t *du,
                              sip_time_t now)
{
  nua_t *nua = nh->nh_nua;
  nua_client_request_t *cr = ds->ds_cr;
  struct event_usage *eu = nua_dialog_usage_private(du);
  msg_t *msg;

  assert(eu);
  
  if (eu->eu_final_wait) {
    /* Did not receive NOTIFY for fetch... */
    sip_event_t const *o = du->du_event;
    char const *id = o ? o->o_id : NULL;

    SU_DEBUG_3(("nua(%p): fetch event %s%s%s timeouts\n",
            nh, o ? o->o_type : "(empty)",
            id ? "; id=" : "", id ? id : ""));

    nua_stack_event(nh->nh_nua, nh,  NULL,
                nua_i_notify, 408, "Fetch Timeouts without NOTIFY", 
                NUTAG_SUBSTATE(nua_substate_terminated),
                SIPTAG_EVENT(o),
                TAG_END());

    nua_dialog_usage_remove(nh, ds, du);

    return;
  }

  if (du->du_terminating)     /* No need to refresh. */
    return;

  if (cr->cr_msg) {
    /* Already doing something, delay 5..15 seconds? */
    if (cr->cr_usage != du)
      nua_dialog_usage_refresh_range(du, 5, 15);
    return;
  }

  cr->cr_msg = msg_copy(du->du_msg);

  msg = nua_creq_msg(nua, nh, cr, 1,
                 SIP_METHOD_SUBSCRIBE,
                 NUTAG_USE_DIALOG(1),
                 NUTAG_ADD_CONTACT(1),
                 /* If dialog is established, remove initial route */
                 TAG_IF(nua_dialog_is_established(nh->nh_ds),
                      SIPTAG_ROUTE(NONE)),
                 TAG_END());

  cr->cr_orq = nta_outgoing_mcreate(nua->nua_nta,
                            process_response_to_subscribe, nh, NULL,
                            msg,
                            SIPTAG_END(), TAG_NEXT(NULL));
  if (cr->cr_orq) {
    cr->cr_usage = du;
    cr->cr_event = nua_r_subscribe;
    return;
  }

  if (du->du_terminating)
    nua_dialog_usage_remove(nh, nh->nh_ds, du);
  else   /* Try again later? */
    nua_dialog_usage_refresh_range(du, 5, 15);

  msg_destroy(msg);
  UA_EVENT3(nua_r_subscribe, NUA_INTERNAL_ERROR, 
          NUTAG_SUBSTATE(eu->eu_substate),
          TAG_END());
}


/** Terminate subscription */
static int nua_subscribe_usage_shutdown(nua_handle_t *nh,
                              nua_dialog_state_t *ds,
                              nua_dialog_usage_t *du)
{
  nua_t *nua = nh->nh_nua;
  nua_client_request_t *cr = ds->ds_cr;
  struct event_usage *eu = nua_dialog_usage_private(du);
  msg_t *msg;

  assert(eu); (void)eu;

  if (du->du_terminating)
    return 100;               /* ...in progress */
  
  if (cr->cr_msg)
    /* XXX - already doing something else? */
    return 100;

  cr->cr_msg = msg_copy(du->du_msg);

  msg = nua_creq_msg(nua, nh, cr, 1,
                 SIP_METHOD_SUBSCRIBE,
                 NUTAG_USE_DIALOG(1),
                 NUTAG_ADD_CONTACT(1),
                 SIPTAG_EXPIRES_STR("0"),
                 /* If dialog is established, remove initial route */
                 TAG_IF(nua_dialog_is_established(nh->nh_ds),
                      SIPTAG_ROUTE(NONE)),
                 TAG_END());

  cr->cr_orq = nta_outgoing_mcreate(nua->nua_nta,
                            process_response_to_subscribe, nh, NULL,
                            msg,
                            SIPTAG_END(), TAG_NEXT(NULL));
  if (cr->cr_orq) {
    cr->cr_usage = du;
    cr->cr_event = nua_r_destroy;
    return 100;
  }

  /* Too bad. */
  nua_dialog_usage_remove(nh, ds, du);
  msg_destroy(msg);
  return 200;
}

/* ======================================================================== */
/* NOTIFY server */

/** @NUA_EVENT nua_i_notify
 *
 * Event for incoming NOTIFY request.
 *
 * @param status statuscode of response sent automatically by stack
 * @param phrase a short textual description of @a status code
 * @param nh     operation handle associated with the subscription
 * @param hmagic application context associated with the handle
 * @param sip    incoming NOTIFY request
 * @param tags   NUTAG_SUBSTATE() indicating the subscription state
 *
 * @sa nua_subscribe(), nua_unsubscribe(), @RFC3265, #nua_i_subscribe
 * 
 * @END_NUA_EVENT
 */

/** @internal Process incoming NOTIFY. */
int nua_stack_process_notify(nua_t *nua,
                       nua_handle_t *nh,
                       nta_incoming_t *irq,
                       sip_t const *sip)
{
  nua_dialog_state_t *ds = nh->nh_ds;
  nua_dialog_usage_t *du;
  struct event_usage *eu;
  sip_subscription_state_t *subs = sip ? sip->sip_subscription_state : NULL;
  sip_subscription_state_t ss0[1];
  msg_t *response;
  char expires[32];
  int retry = -1;
  char const *what = NULL, *why = NULL;

  enter;

  if (nh == NULL) {
    nta_incoming_treply(irq, 481, "Subscription Does Not Exist", 
                  TAG_END());
    return 481;
  }
  assert(nh);

  if (/* XXX - support forking of subscriptions?... */
      ds->ds_remote_tag && ds->ds_remote_tag[0] && 
      sip && sip->sip_from->a_tag &&
      strcmp(ds->ds_remote_tag, sip->sip_from->a_tag)) {
    sip_contact_t const *m = NULL;
    sip_warning_t *w = NULL, w0[1];

    m = nua_stack_get_contact(nua->nua_registrations);
    if (m) {
      w = sip_warning_init(w0);
      w->w_code = 399;
      w->w_host = m->m_url->url_host;
      w->w_port = m->m_url->url_port;
      w->w_text = "Forking SUBSCRIBEs are not supported";
    }

    nta_incoming_treply(irq, 481, "Subscription Does Not Exist", 
                  SIPTAG_WARNING(w),
                  TAG_END());
    return 481;
  }

  du = nua_dialog_usage_get(nh->nh_ds, nua_subscribe_usage, sip->sip_event);

  if (du == NULL) {
    nta_incoming_treply(irq, 481, "Subscription Does Not Exist", TAG_END());
    return 481;
  }

  eu = nua_dialog_usage_private(du); assert(eu);
  eu->eu_notified++;

  if (!sip->sip_event->o_id) {
    eu->eu_no_id = 1;
  }

  if (subs == NULL) {
    /* Do some compatibility stuff here */
    unsigned long delta;

    sip_subscription_state_init(subs = ss0);

    delta = sip->sip_expires ? sip->sip_expires->ex_delta : eu->eu_expires;

    if (delta == 0)
      subs->ss_substate = "terminated";
    else
      subs->ss_substate = "active";

    if (delta > 0 && sip->sip_expires) {
      snprintf(expires, sizeof expires, "%lu", delta);
      subs->ss_expires = expires;
    }
  }

  nua_dialog_store_peer_info(nh, nh->nh_ds, sip);
  nua_dialog_uas_route(nh, nh->nh_ds, sip, 1);

  if (strcasecmp(subs->ss_substate, what = "terminated") == 0) {
    eu->eu_substate = nua_substate_terminated;

    if (str0casecmp(subs->ss_reason, why = "deactivated") == 0) {
      eu->eu_substate = nua_substate_embryonic;
      retry = 0;        /* retry immediately */
    } 
    else if (str0casecmp(subs->ss_reason, why = "probation") == 0) {
      eu->eu_substate = nua_substate_embryonic;
      retry = 30;
      if (subs->ss_retry_after)
      retry = strtoul(subs->ss_retry_after, NULL, 10);
      if (retry > 3600)
      retry = 3600;
    }
    else
      why = subs->ss_reason;
  }
  else if (strcasecmp(subs->ss_substate, what = "pending") == 0)
    eu->eu_substate = nua_substate_pending;
  else /* if (strcasecmp(subs->ss_substate, "active") == 0) */ {
    /* Any extended state is considered as active */
    what = subs->ss_substate ? subs->ss_substate : "active";
    eu->eu_substate = nua_substate_active;
  }

  if (du->du_terminating)
    retry = -1;
  
  response = nh_make_response(nua, nh, irq, SIP_200_OK,
                        SIPTAG_ALLOW(NH_PGET(nh, allow)),
                        SIPTAG_SUPPORTED(NH_PGET(nh, supported)),
                        TAG_END());

  if (response && 
      nua_registration_add_contact_to_response(nh, response, NULL, 
                                     sip->sip_record_route,
                                     sip->sip_contact) >= 0)
    nta_incoming_mreply(irq, response);
  else
    nta_incoming_treply(irq, SIP_500_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR, TAG_END());

  if (eu->eu_substate == nua_substate_terminated && retry > 0)
    eu->eu_substate = nua_substate_embryonic;

  nua_stack_event(nh->nh_nua, nh, nta_incoming_getrequest(irq),
              nua_i_notify, SIP_200_OK, 
              NUTAG_SUBSTATE(eu->eu_substate),
              TAG_END());

  nta_incoming_destroy(irq), irq = NULL;

  SU_DEBUG_5(("nua(%p): nua_stack_process_notify: %s (%s)\n", 
            nh, what, why ? why : ""));

  if (eu->eu_substate == nua_substate_terminated) {
    if (du != nh->nh_ds->ds_cr->cr_usage)
      nua_dialog_usage_remove(nh, nh->nh_ds, du);
    else
      nua_dialog_usage_reset_refresh(du);
  }
  else if (eu->eu_substate == nua_substate_embryonic) {
    if (retry >= 0) {
      /* Try to subscribe again */
      nua_dialog_remove(nh, nh->nh_ds, du); /* tear down */
      nua_dialog_usage_refresh_range(du, retry, retry + 5);
    }
    else if (du != nh->nh_ds->ds_cr->cr_usage)
      nua_dialog_usage_remove(nh, nh->nh_ds, du);
    else
      nua_dialog_usage_reset_refresh(du);
  }
  else if (du->du_terminating) {
    nua_dialog_usage_reset_refresh(du);
  }
  else {
    sip_time_t delta;

    if (subs->ss_expires)
      delta = strtoul(subs->ss_expires, NULL, 10);
    else
      delta = eu->eu_expires;
    
    nua_dialog_usage_set_refresh(du, delta);
  }

  return 0;
}

/* ======================================================================== */
/* REFER */

/** Transfer a call. 
 * 
 * Send a REFER request asking the recipient to transfer the call. 
 *
 * The REFER request also establishes an implied subscription to the "refer"
 * event. The "refer" event can have an "id" parameter, which has the value
 * of CSeq number in the REFER request. After initiating the REFER request,
 * the nua engine sends application a #nua_r_refer event with status 100 and
 * tag NUTAG_REFER_EVENT() containing a matching event header with id
 * parameter.
 *
 * Note that the @Event header in the locally generated #nua_r_refer event
 * contains the @a id parameter. The @a id parameter contains the @CSeq
 * number of the REFER request, and it may get incremented if the request is
 * retried because it got challenged or redirected. In that case, the
 * application gets a new #nua_r_refer event with status 100 and tag
 * NUTAG_REFER_EVENT(). Also the recipient of the REFER request may or may
 * not include the @a id parameter with the @Event header in the NOTIFY
 * requests messages which it sends to the sender of the REFER request.
 *
 * Therefore the application is not able to modify the state of the implied
 * subscription before receiving the first NOTIFY request.
 *
 * @param nh              Pointer to operation handle
 * @param tag, value, ... List of tagged parameters
 *
 * @return 
 *    nothing
 *
 * @par Related Tags:
 *    NUTAG_URL() \n
 *    Tags of nua_set_hparams() \n
 *    Tags in <sip_tag.h>
 *
 * @par Events:
 *    #nua_r_refer \n
 *    #nua_i_notify
 *
 * @sa #nua_r_refer, NUTAG_SUBSTATE(), NUTAG_REFER_EVENT(),#nua_i_refer,
 * @RFC3515, @ReferTo, @RFC3892, @ReferredBy
 */

static int process_response_to_refer(nua_handle_t *nh,
                             nta_outgoing_t *orq,
                             sip_t const *sip);

int
nua_stack_refer(nua_t *nua, nua_handle_t *nh, nua_event_t e, tagi_t const *tags)
{
  nua_dialog_usage_t *du = NULL;
  nua_client_request_t *cr = nh->nh_ds->ds_cr;
  msg_t *msg;
  sip_t *sip;
  sip_referred_by_t by[1];
  sip_event_t *event = NULL;

  if (nua_stack_set_handle_special(nh, nh_has_subscribe, nua_r_subscribe) < 0)
    return UA_EVENT2(e, 900, "Invalid handle for REFER");
  else if (cr->cr_orq)
    return UA_EVENT2(e, 900, "Request already in progress");

  nua_stack_init_handle(nua, nh, TAG_NEXT(tags));

  sip_referred_by_init(by);
  by->b_display = nua->nua_from->a_display;
  *by->b_url = *nua->nua_from->a_url;

  /* Now we create a REFER request message */
  msg = nua_creq_msg(nua, nh, cr, cr->cr_retry_count,
                   SIP_METHOD_REFER,
                   NUTAG_USE_DIALOG(1),
                   SIPTAG_EVENT(SIP_NONE), /* remove event */
                   SIPTAG_REFERRED_BY(by), /* Overriden by user tags */
                   NUTAG_ADD_CONTACT(1),
                   TAG_NEXT(tags));
  sip = sip_object(msg);

  if (sip && sip->sip_cseq)
    event = sip_event_format(nh->nh_home, "refer;id=%u", 
                       sip->sip_cseq->cs_seq);

  if (event)
    du = nua_dialog_usage_add(nh, nh->nh_ds, nua_subscribe_usage, event);
  
  if (du)
    cr->cr_orq = nta_outgoing_mcreate(nua->nua_nta,
                              process_response_to_refer, nh, NULL,
                              msg,
                              SIPTAG_END(), TAG_NEXT(tags));
  
  if (!cr->cr_orq) {
    if (du)
      nua_dialog_usage_remove(nh, nh->nh_ds, du);
    su_free(nh->nh_home, event);
    msg_destroy(msg);
    return UA_EVENT1(e, NUA_INTERNAL_ERROR);
  }

  /*
   * We send a 100 trying event so that application gets a event 
   * it can use to match NOTIFYs with its REFER
   */
  nua_stack_event(nua, nh, NULL, e, SIP_100_TRYING, 
         NUTAG_REFER_EVENT(event),
         TAG_END());
  su_free(nh->nh_home, event);

  cr->cr_usage = du;

  return cr->cr_event = e;
}

void restart_refer(nua_handle_t *nh, tagi_t *tags)
{
  nua_stack_refer(nh->nh_nua, nh, nh->nh_ds->ds_cr->cr_event, tags);
}

/**@NUA_EVENT nua_r_refer
 *
 * @brief Response to outgoing REFER.
 *
 * @param status response status code
 *               (if the request is retried, @a status is 100, the @a
 *               sip->sip_status->st_status contain the real status code
 *               from the response message, e.g., 302, 401, or 407)
 * @param phrase a short textual description of @a status code
 * @param nh     operation handle associated with the REFER request
 * @param hmagic application context associated with the handle
 * @param sip    response to REFER request or NULL upon an error
 *               (status code is in @a status and 
 *                descriptive message in @a phrase parameters)
 * @param tags    NUTAG_REFER_EVENT() \n
 *                NUTAG_SUBSTATE()
 *
 * @sa nua_refer(), NUTAG_SUBSTATE(), #nua_i_refer,
 * @RFC3515, @ReferTo, @RFC3892, @ReferredBy
 *
 * @END_NUA_EVENT
 */

static int process_response_to_refer(nua_handle_t *nh,
                             nta_outgoing_t *orq,
                             sip_t const *sip)
{
  nua_client_request_t *cr = nh->nh_ds->ds_cr;
  int status = sip ? sip->sip_status->st_status : 408;

  if (status < 200)
    ;
  else if (status < 300) {
    if (cr->cr_usage)
      cr->cr_usage->du_ready = 1;
    nua_dialog_uac_route(nh, nh->nh_ds, sip, 1);
    nua_dialog_store_peer_info(nh, nh->nh_ds, sip);
  }
  else /* if (status >= 300) */ {
    if (cr->cr_usage)
      nua_dialog_usage_remove(nh, nh->nh_ds, cr->cr_usage), cr->cr_usage = NULL;
    if (nua_creq_check_restart(nh, cr, orq, sip, restart_refer))
      return 0;
  }

  return nua_stack_process_response(nh, cr, orq, sip, TAG_END());
}

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