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sip-dig.c

/*
 * This file is part of the Sofia-SIP package
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2006 Nokia Corporation.
 *
 * Contact: Pekka Pessi <pekka.pessi@nokia.com>
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License
 * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of
 * the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
 * 02110-1301 USA
 *
 */

/**
 * This is an example program for @b sresolv library in synchronous mode.
 *
 * @author Pekka Pessi <Pekka.Pessi@nokia.com>
 *
 * @date Original Created: Tue Jul 16 18:50:14 2002 ppessi
 */

/**@page sip-dig Resolve SIP URIs.
 * 
 * @section sip_dig_synopsis Synopsis
 * <tt>sip-dig [OPTIONS] uri...</tt>
 *
 * @section sip_dig_description Description
 * The @em sip-dig utility resolves SIP URIs as described in @RFC3263. It
 * queries NAPTR, SRV and A/AAAA records and prints out the resulting
 * transport addresses.
 *
 * The default transports are: UDP, TCP, SCTP, TLS and TLS-SCTP. The SIPS
 * URIs are resolved using only TLS transports, TLS and TLS-SCTP. If not
 * otherwise indicated by NAPTR or SRV records, the sip-dig uses UDP and TCP
 * as transports for SIP and TLS for SIPS URIs.
 *
 * The results are printed intended, with a preference followed by weight, 
 * then protocol name, port number and IP address in numeric format.
 *
 * @section sip_dig_options Command Line Options
 * The @e sip-dig utility accepts following command line options:
 * <dl>
 * <dt>-p <em>protoname</em></dt>

 * <dd>Use named transport protocol. The <em>protoname</em> can be either
 * well-known, e.g., "udp", or it can specify NAPTR service and SRV
 * identifier, e.g., "tls-udp/SIPS+D2U/_sips._udp.".
 * </dd>
 * <dt>--udp</dt>
 * <dd>Use UDP transport protocol.
 * </dd>
 * <dt>--tcp</dt>
 * <dd>Use TCP transport protocol.
 * </dd>
 * <dt>--tls</dt>
 * <dd>Use TLS over TCP transport protocol.
 * </dd>
 * <dt>--sctp</dt>
 * <dd>Use SCTP transport protocol.
 * </dd>
 * <dt>--tls-sctp</dt>
 * <dd>Use TLS over SCTP transport protocol.
 * </dd>
 * <dt>--no-sctp</dt>
 * <dd>Ignore SCTP or TLS-SCTP records in the list of default transports. 
 * This option has no effect if transport protocols has been explicitly
 * listed.
 * </dd>
 * <dt>-4</dt>
 * <dd>Query IP4 addresses (A records)
 * </dd>
 * <dt>-6</dt>
 * <dd>Query IP6 addresses (AAAA records).
 * </dd>
 * <dt>-v</dt>
 * <dd>Be verbatim.
 * </dd>
 * <dt></dt>
 * <dd>
 * </dd>
 * </dl>
 *
 * @section sip_dig_return Return Codes
 * <table>
 * <tr><td>0<td>when successful (a 2XX-series response is received)
 * <tr><td>1<td>when unsuccessful (a 3XX..6XX-series response is received)
 * <tr><td>2<td>initialization failure
 * </table>
 *
 * @section sip_dig_examples Examples
 *
 * Resolve sip:openlaboratory.net, prefer TLS over TCP, TCP over UDP:
 * @code
 * $ sip-dig --tls --tcp --udp sip:openlaboratory.net
 *    1 0.333 tls 5061 212.213.221.127
 *    2 0.333 tcp 5060 212.213.221.127
 *    3 0.333 udp 5060 212.213.221.127
 * @endcode
 *
 * Resolve sips:example.net with TLS over SCTP (TLS-SCTP) and TLS:
 * @code
 * $ sip-dig -p tls-sctp --tls sips:example.net
 *    1 0.500 tls-udp 5061 172.21.55.26
 *    2 0.500 tls 5061 172.21.55.26
 * @endcode
 *
 * @section sip_dig_environment Environment
 * #SRESOLV_DEBUG, SRESOLV_CONF
 * 
 * @section sip_dig_bugs Reporting Bugs
 * Report bugs to <sofia-sip-devel@lists.sourceforge.net>.
 *
 * @section sip_dig_author Author
 * Written by Pekka Pessi <pekka -dot pessi -at- nokia -dot- com>
 *
 * @section sip_dig_copyright Copyright
 * Copyright (C) 2006 Nokia Corporation.
 *
 * This program is free software; see the source for copying conditions.
 * There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A
 * PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
 */

#include "config.h"

#include "sofia-sip/su.h"

#include "sofia-resolv/sres.h"
#include "sofia-resolv/sres_record.h"

#include "sofia-sip/url.h"
#include "sofia-sip/su_alloc.h"
#include "sofia-sip/hostdomain.h"

char const name[] = "sip-dig";

#include <assert.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>

enum { N_TPORT = 16 };

struct transport { char const *name, *service, *srv; };

struct dig {
  sres_resolver_t *sres;

  unsigned preference, ip4, ip6, sips, print;

  struct transport tports[N_TPORT];
};

int dig_naptr(struct dig *dig, char const *host, double weight);

int dig_all_srvs(struct dig *dig, char const *tport, char const *host,
             double weight);

int dig_srv(struct dig *dig, char const *tport, char const *host,
          double weight);

int dig_srv_at(struct dig *dig,
             char const *tport, sres_record_t **answers, 
             double weight, int pweight,
             int priority);

int dig_addr(struct dig *dig, 
           char const *tport, char const *host, char const *port,
           double weight);

void print_addr_results(struct transport const *tports,
                  char const *tport, char const *tport2,
                  sres_record_t **answers, int type, int af,
                  char const *port,
                  double weight, int preference);

void print_result(char const *addr, char const *port, char const *tport,
              double weight,
              unsigned preference);

int prepare_transport(struct dig *dig, char const *tport);

int count_transports(struct dig *dig,
                 char const *tp1, 
                 char const *tp2);

void usage(int exitcode)
{
  fprintf(stderr, "usage: %s [OPTIONS] [@dnsserver] uri\n", name);
  exit(exitcode);
}

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
  int exitcode = 0;
  int o_sctp = 1, o_tls_sctp = 1, o_verbatim = 1;
  int family = 0, multiple = 0;
  char const *dnsserver = NULL;
  char const *string;
  url_t *uri = NULL;

  char const *host;
  char const *port;
  char *transport = NULL, tport[32];

  struct dig dig[1] = {{ NULL }};

  if (su_init() != 0) 
    return -1;

  while (argv[1] && argv[1][0] == '-') {
    if (strcmp(argv[1], "-v") == 0)
      o_verbatim++;
    else if (strcmp(argv[1], "-6") == 0)
      dig->ip6 = ++family;
    else if (strcmp(argv[1], "-4") == 0)
      dig->ip4 = ++family;
    else if (strncmp(argv[1], "-p", 2) == 0) {
      char const *proto;

      if (argv[1][2] == '=')
      proto = argv[1] + 3;
      else if (argv[1][2])
      proto = argv[1] + 2;
      else
      proto = argv++[2];

      if (proto == NULL)
      usage(2);

      if (prepare_transport(dig, proto) < 0)
      exit(2);
    }
    else if (strcmp(argv[1], "--udp") == 0)
      prepare_transport(dig, "udp");
    else if (strcmp(argv[1], "--tcp") == 0)
      prepare_transport(dig, "tcp");
    else if (strcmp(argv[1], "--tls") == 0)
      prepare_transport(dig, "tls");
    else if (strcmp(argv[1], "--sctp") == 0)
      prepare_transport(dig, "sctp");
    else if (strcmp(argv[1], "--tls-sctp") == 0)
      prepare_transport(dig, "tls-sctp");
    else if (strcmp(argv[1], "--tls-udp") == 0)
      prepare_transport(dig, "tls-udp");
    else if (strcmp(argv[1], "--no-sctp") == 0)
      o_sctp = 0, o_tls_sctp = 0;
    else if (strcmp(argv[1], "--help") == 0)
      usage(0);
    else if (strcmp(argv[1], "-h") == 0)
      usage(0);
    else if (strcmp(argv[1], "-?") == 0)
      usage(0);
    else if (strcmp(argv++[1], "-") == 0)
      break;
    else
      usage(2);
    argv++;
  }

  if (!family)
    dig->ip4 = 1, dig->ip6 = 2;

  if (argv[1] && argv[1][0] == '@')
    dnsserver = argv++[1] + 1;

  if (!argv[1])
    usage(2);

  multiple = argv[1] && argv[2];

  if (!count_transports(dig, NULL, NULL)) {
    prepare_transport(dig, "udp");
    prepare_transport(dig, "tcp");
    if (o_sctp)
      prepare_transport(dig, "sctp");
    prepare_transport(dig, "tls");
    if (o_tls_sctp)
      prepare_transport(dig, "tls-sctp");
  }

  dig->sres = sres_resolver_new(getenv("SRESOLV_CONF"));
  if (!dig->sres)
    perror("sres_resolver_new"), exit(1);

  for (; (string = argv[1]); argv++) {
    if (multiple)
      puts(string);

    uri = url_hdup(NULL, (void *)string);

    if (uri && uri->url_type == url_unknown)
      url_sanitize(uri);

    if (uri->url_type == url_any)
      continue;

    if (!uri || (uri->url_type != url_sip && uri->url_type != url_sips)) {
      fprintf(stderr, "%s: invalid uri\n", string);
      exitcode = 1;
      continue;
    }

    port = url_port(uri);
    if (port && !port[0]) port = NULL;
    if (url_param(uri->url_params, "transport=", tport, sizeof tport) > 0)
      transport = tport;

    host = uri->url_host;

    if (host_is_ip_address(host)) {
      if (transport) {
      print_result(host, port, transport, 1.0, 1);
      }
      else if (uri->url_type == url_sips) {
      print_result(host, port, "tls", 1.0, 1);
      }
      else {
      print_result(host, port, "udp", 1.0, 1);
      print_result(host, port, "tcp", 1.0, 2);
      }
      continue;
    }

    if (!host_is_domain(host)) {
      fprintf(stderr, "%s: invalid host\n", string);
      exitcode = 1;
      continue;
    }

    dig->sips = uri->url_type == url_sips;
    dig->preference = 1;

    if (!port && !transport && dig_naptr(dig, host, 1.0))
      continue /* resolved naptr */;
    else if (!port && dig_all_srvs(dig, transport, host, 1.0))
      continue /* resolved srv */;
    else if (dig_addr(dig, transport, host, port, 1.0))
      continue /* resolved a/aaaa */;

    fprintf(stderr, "%s: not found\n", string);
    exitcode = 1;
  }

  sres_resolver_unref(dig->sres);

  return exitcode;
}


int transport_is_secure(char const *tportname)
{
  return tportname && strncasecmp(tportname, "tls", 3) == 0;
}

int prepare_transport(struct dig *dig, char const *tport)
{
  struct transport *tports = dig->tports;
  int j;

  for (j = 0; j < N_TPORT - 1; j++) {
    if (!tports[j].name)
      break;
    if (strcasecmp(tports[j].name, tport) == 0)
      return 1;
  }

  if (j == N_TPORT)
    return 0;

  if (strchr(tport, '/')) {
    char *service = strchr(tport, '/');
    char *srv = strchr(service + 1, '/');

    if (!srv || srv[strlen(srv) - 1] != '.') {
      fprintf(stderr, "%s: invalid transport specifier \"%s\"\n", name, tport);
      fputs(
"\tspecifier should have name/service/srv-id\n"
"\twhere name is protocol name (e.g, \"tls-udp\")\n"
"\t      service specifies service as per RFC 2915 (e.g., \"SIPS+D2U\")\n"
"\t      srv-id is prefix for SRV lookup (e.g., \"_sips._udp.\")\n",
         stderr);
      if (srv)
      fputs("\t      and it should end with a dot \".\"\n", stderr);
      return -1;
    }

    *service++ = '\0', *srv++ = '\0';

    tports[j].name = tport,
    tports[j].service = service;
    tports[j].srv = srv;
  }
  else if (strcasecmp(tport, "udp") == 0) {
    tports[j].name = "udp";
    tports[j].service = "SIP+D2U";
    tports[j].srv = "_sip._udp.";
  }
  else if (strcasecmp(tport, "tcp") == 0) {
    tports[j].name = "tcp";
    tports[j].service = "SIP+D2T";
    tports[j].srv = "_sip._tcp.";
  }
  else if (strcasecmp(tport, "tls") == 0) {
    tports[j].name = "tls";
    tports[j].service = "SIPS+D2T";
    tports[j].srv = "_sips._tcp.";
  }
  else if (strcasecmp(tport, "sctp") == 0) {
    tports[j].name = "sctp";
    tports[j].service = "SIP+D2S";
    tports[j].srv = "_sip._sctp.";
  }
  else if (strcasecmp(tport, "tls-sctp") == 0) {
    tports[j].name = "tls-sctp";
    tports[j].service = "SIPS+D2S";
    tports[j].srv = "_sips._sctp.";
  }
  else {
    fprintf(stderr, "%s: unknown transport \"%s\"\n", name, tport);
    return -1;
  }

  j++;

  tports[j].service = tports[j].srv = tports[j].name = NULL;

  return 1;
}

int
count_transports(struct dig *dig,
             char const *tport,
             char const *tport2)
{
  
  int i, tcount = 0;
  struct transport const *tports = dig->tports;

  for (i = 0; tports[i].name; i++) {
    if (dig->sips && !transport_is_secure(tports[i].name))
      continue;
    if (!tport || strcasecmp(tport, tports[i].name) == 0)
      tcount++;
    if (tport2 && strcasecmp(tport2, tports[i].name) == 0)
      tcount++;
  }

  return tcount;
}

struct transport const *
transport_by_service(struct transport const *tports, char const *s)
{
  int i;

  for (i = 0; tports[i].name; i++) {
    if (strcasecmp(tports[i].service, s) == 0)
      return tports + i;
  }

  return NULL;
}

int dig_naptr(struct dig *dig,
            char const *host,
            double weight)
{
  sres_record_t **answers = NULL;
  struct transport const *tp;
  int i, error;
  int order = 0, count = 0, nacount = 0, scount = 0;

  error = sres_blocking_query(dig->sres, sres_type_naptr, host, 0, &answers);
  if (error < 0)
    return 0;

  /* Sort by priority */
  sres_sort_answers(dig->sres, answers);

  /* Count number of matching naptrs */
  for (i = 0; answers[i]; i++) {
    sres_naptr_record_t const *na = answers[i]->sr_naptr;

    if (na->na_record->r_type != sres_type_naptr || na->na_record->r_status)
      continue;

    if (dig->print)
      printf("%s\n\t%d IN NAPTR %u %u \"%s\" \"%s\" \"%s\" %s\n",
           na->na_record->r_name, na->na_record->r_ttl,
           na->na_order, na->na_prefer,
           na->na_flags, na->na_services,
           na->na_regexp, na->na_replace);

    if (strcasecmp(na->na_flags, "s") && strcasecmp(na->na_flags, "a"))
      continue;

    if (nacount && order != na->na_order)
      continue;

    if (dig->sips && strncasecmp(na->na_services, "SIPS+", 5))
      continue;

    if (!transport_by_service(dig->tports, na->na_services))
      continue;

    order = na->na_order, nacount++;
  }

  if (nacount == 0) {
    sres_free_answers(dig->sres, answers);
    return 0;
  }

  for (i = 0; answers[i]; i++) {
    sres_naptr_record_t const *na = answers[i]->sr_naptr;

    if (na->na_record->r_type != sres_type_naptr || na->na_record->r_status)
      continue;
    if (order != na->na_order)
      continue;
    if (strcasecmp(na->na_flags, "s") && strcasecmp(na->na_flags, "a"))
      continue;
    if (dig->sips && strncasecmp(na->na_services, "SIPS+", 5))
      continue;

    tp = transport_by_service(dig->tports, na->na_services);
    if (!tp)
      continue;

    if (strcasecmp(na->na_flags, "s") == 0) {
      scount = dig_srv(dig, tp->name, na->na_replace, weight / nacount);
    }
    else if (strcasecmp(na->na_flags, "a") == 0) {
      scount = dig_addr(dig, tp->name, na->na_replace, NULL, weight / nacount);
    }
    else 
      scount = 0;

    count += scount;
  }

  return count;
}

int dig_all_srvs(struct dig *dig,
             char const *tport,
             char const *host,
             double weight)
{
  int i, j, n;
  int tcount, count = 0, scount;
  char *domain;

  struct {
    char const *proto; sres_record_t **answers;
  } srvs[N_TPORT + 1] = {{ NULL }};

  tcount = count_transports(dig, tport, NULL);
  if (!tcount)
    return 0;

  for (i = 0, n = 0; dig->tports[i].name; i++) {
    if (tport && strcasecmp(dig->tports[i].name, tport))
      continue;

    if (dig->sips && !transport_is_secure(dig->tports[i].name))
      continue;

    domain = su_strcat(NULL, dig->tports[i].srv, host);

    if (domain) {
      if (sres_blocking_query(dig->sres, sres_type_srv, domain, 0,
                        &srvs[n].answers) >= 0) {
      srvs[n++].proto = dig->tports[i].name;
      }
      free(domain);
    }
  }

  if (n == 0)
    return 0;

  for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
    unsigned priority = 0, pweight = 0, m = 0;
    sres_record_t **answers = srvs[i].answers;
    char const *tport = srvs[i].proto;

    for (j = 0; answers[j]; j++) {
      sres_srv_record_t const *srv = answers[j]->sr_srv;

      if (srv->srv_record->r_type != sres_type_srv)
      continue;
      if (srv->srv_record->r_status != 0)
      continue;
      
      if (srv->srv_priority != priority && pweight != 0) {
      scount = dig_srv_at(dig, tport, answers, weight / n, pweight,
                      priority);
      if (scount) dig->preference++;
      count += scount;
      pweight = 0, m = 0;
      }

      priority = srv->srv_priority, pweight += srv->srv_weight, m++;
    }

    if (m) {
      scount = dig_srv_at(dig, tport, answers, weight / n, pweight, priority);
      if (scount)
      dig->preference++;
      count += scount;
    }
  }

  return count;
}

int dig_srv(struct dig *dig,
          char const *tport,
          char const *domain,
          double weight)
{
  sres_record_t **answers = NULL;
  int j, n, error;
  int count = 0, scount = 0;

  uint32_t priority, pweight;

  assert(tport && domain);

  error = sres_blocking_query(dig->sres, sres_type_srv, domain, 0, &answers);
  if (error < 0)
    return 0;

  /* Sort by priority */
  sres_sort_answers(dig->sres, answers);

  priority = 0; pweight = 0; n = 0;

  for (j = 0; answers[j]; j++) {
    sres_srv_record_t const *srv = answers[j]->sr_srv;

    if (srv->srv_record->r_type != sres_type_srv)
      continue;
    if (srv->srv_record->r_status != 0)
      continue;

    if (srv->srv_priority != priority && pweight != 0) {
      scount = dig_srv_at(dig, tport, answers, weight, pweight,
                    priority);
      if (scount) dig->preference++;
      count += scount;
      pweight = 0, n = 0;
    }

    priority = srv->srv_priority, pweight += srv->srv_weight, n++;
  }

  if (n) {
    scount = dig_srv_at(dig, tport, answers, weight, pweight, priority);
    if (scount) dig->preference++;
    count += scount;
  }

  sres_free_answers(dig->sres, answers);

  return count;
}

int dig_srv_at(struct dig *dig,
             char const *tport,
             sres_record_t **answers,
             double weight, int pweight,
             int priority)
{
  int count = 0;
  int i;
  char port[8];

  if (pweight == 0)
    pweight = 1;

  for (i = 0; answers[i]; i++) {
    sres_srv_record_t const *srv = answers[i]->sr_srv;
    if (srv->srv_record->r_type != sres_type_srv)
      continue;
    if (srv->srv_record->r_status != 0)
      continue;
    if (srv->srv_priority != priority)
      continue;
    snprintf(port, sizeof port, "%u", srv->srv_port);

    count += dig_addr(dig, tport, srv->srv_target, port,
                  weight * srv->srv_weight / pweight);
  }

  return count;
}

int dig_addr(struct dig *dig,
           char const *tport,
           char const *host,
           char const *port,
           double weight)
{
  int error, i;
  char const *tport2 = NULL;
  sres_record_t **answers1 = NULL, **answers2 = NULL;
  unsigned count1 = 0, count2 = 0, tcount = 0;
  int type1 = 0, type2 = 0, family1 = 0, family2 = 0;

  if (dig->ip6 > dig->ip4) {
    type1 = sres_type_aaaa, family1 = AF_INET6;
    if (dig->ip4)
      type2 = sres_type_a, family2 = AF_INET;
  }
  else {
    type1 = sres_type_a, family1 = AF_INET;
    if (dig->ip6)
      type2 = sres_type_aaaa, family2 = AF_INET6;
  }

  if (tport == NULL) {
    if (dig->sips)
      tport = "tls";
    else
      tport = "udp", tport2 = "tcp";
  }

  tcount = count_transports(dig, tport, tport2);
  if (!tcount)
    return 0;

  if (type1) {
    error = sres_blocking_query(dig->sres, type1, host, 0, &answers1);
    if (error >= 0)
      for (i = 0; answers1[i]; i++) {
      sres_common_t *r = answers1[i]->sr_record;
      count1 += r->r_type == type1 &&     r->r_status == 0;
      }
  }

  if (type2) {
    error = sres_blocking_query(dig->sres, type2, host, 0, &answers2);
    if (error >= 0)
      for (i = 0; answers2[i]; i++) {
      sres_common_t *r = answers2[i]->sr_record;
      count2 += r->r_type == type2 &&     r->r_status == 0;
      }
  }

  if (count1 + count2) {
    double w = weight / (count1 + count2) / tcount;

    if (count1)
      print_addr_results(dig->tports, tport, tport2,
                   answers1, type1, family1, port,
                   w, dig->preference);
    if (count2)
      print_addr_results(dig->tports, tport, tport2,
                   answers2, type2, family2, port,
                   w, dig->preference);
  }

  sres_free_answers(dig->sres, answers1);
  sres_free_answers(dig->sres, answers2);

  return count1 + count2;
}

void
print_addr_results(struct transport const *tports,
               char const *tport, char const *tport2,
               sres_record_t **answers, int type, int af,
               char const *port,
               double weight, int preference)
{
  int i, j;
  char addr[64];

  for (i = 0; answers[i]; i++) {
    if (answers[i]->sr_record->r_type != type)
      continue;
    if (answers[i]->sr_record->r_status != 0)
      continue;

    su_inet_ntop(af, &answers[i]->sr_a->a_addr, addr, sizeof addr);

    for (j = 0; tports[j].name; j++) {
      if (strcasecmp(tport, tports[j].name) == 0)
      print_result(addr, port, tport, weight, preference);
      if (tport2 && strcasecmp(tport2, tports[j].name) == 0)
      print_result(addr, port, tport2, weight, preference);
    }
  }
}

void print_result(char const *addr,
              char const *port,
              char const *tport,
              double weight,
              unsigned preference)
{
  if (!port || !port[0])
    port = transport_is_secure(tport) ? "5061" : "5060";

  printf("\t%u %.3f %s %s %s\n", preference, weight, tport, port, addr);
}

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